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Configuration optimization of a multi-generation plant based on biomass gasification
Type Article
Biomass gasification Energy integration Economic analysis Pinch analysis Renewable energies
Heat integration and configuration optimization of a unique cycle based on biomass gasification are presented. The system provides heat, freshwater, and electricity to an area located in the southern part of Iran using the gasification of sugarcane bagasse. The main question to be responded is to find the op- timum configuration which minimizes the total external utility consumption. It is assumed that 34500 kg/day of bagasse is available and the electricity, heating, and water demand of the area should be covered. It is concluded that the total utility consumption is 3113.69 kW if no heat integration is utilized. On the other hand, partial heat integration results in a total utility consumption of 590.93 kW. The least possible utility consumption which occurs in full heat integration condition is 214.6 kW. By increasing the gasification temperature from 900 C to 915 C, it is possible to enhance the integration by removing one of the heaters. The sensitivity analysis shows that the highest CHP efficiency occurs for a biomass flow rate of 32970 kg/day. It is concluded that energy integration techniques serve well in the identi- fication of the optimum gasification temperature and biomass flow rate which lead to the minimum utility consumption and highest CHP efficiency.
Researchers Mohammad Javad Rahimi (First researcher) , Bahram Ghorbani (Second researcher) , Majid Amidpour (Third researcher) , Mohammad Hossein Hamedi (Fourth researcher)